gd视讯

陈裕光与金陵大学

发稿时间: 2018年11月16日来源:gd视讯_gd视讯官网-「开户首充送大礼」 作者: 南京大学 学生记者团 张晓霞

zhongguojindaidaxuedanshengzaiyigefenghuoliantian、baojingroulindebanzhimindibanfengjianshehui,“jinguanzheiyishijianyizhichuyuzhanzhengzhuangtai,danzhongguodexuduogaoxiaorengranjianchibuxiedibaochilegezidebanxuetese”,qudelezhizhijinrirenglingrenyangzhidechengjiu。zheiqizhongdeyuanyinbushengmeiju,bijiaozhongyaodebianshineishidexiaozhangmensuoteyoudebanxuelinianjishizhizaizhongguojindaidaxuedeyiluodishenggenbishengzizibuqidenulifendou。suoyi,“yisuoxuexiaowangwangyuyiweihuojiweixiaozhangdemingzijinjinlianxizaiyiqi”,yourujinlingdaxueyuchenyuguang。

jinlingdaxue(university of nanking)zhaoshiyu1888nianmeiguojidujiaohuichuangbandehuiwenshuyuan,youhuiwenshuyuanyutongyoujiaohuichuangbandehongyushuyuanhebingercheng,1910nianzhengshichengli。1952nianyuanxidiaozhengshi,jinlingdaxuewen、lixueyuanhedangshidenanjingdaxue(jiefangqiandeguolizhongyangdaxue)wen、lixueyuanhebing,bingyiciweijichu,zaijinlingdaxuexiaozhishangzujianlejinrizhinanjingdaxue。qizhuyaojianzhu—1919nianjianchengtourushiyongdewenxueyuanbeidalou(youchenyuguangfuqinchenliemingxianshengde“chenjiyingzaochang”jianzao)zhijinrengshinanjingdaxuedebiaozhixingjianzhu。

 1927nian10yue18ri,jinlingdaxuezhaokai“huninggebaoxinwenjizhetanhuahui”zhengzhongxuanbu: “jindayuanweijiaohuixuexiao,yiqiejiaoyuxingzheng,jiecaowairenzhishou,jingtongrennulifendou,yijiangbenxiaojiaoyuquanshouhui。huarenrenxiaozhang,weibenxiaochuangju。”caidetuchudechenyuguangsuichengweijindadiyiweihuarenxiaozhang,tongshiyeshidiyiweibeiguominzhengfuchengrendezhongguojiaohuidaxuehuarenxiaozhang。zhizhi1951nianchunxieren,chenyuguangzhizhangjindazhangda1/4shiji。

chenyuguangjijiweihuminzuzunyanyujiaoyuzhuquan。tabenzhe“lianzhishi,dangkeburonghuan”,shangrenyishijiuzheshouzhengfulianshiyi。zhongyuzaidiernian9yue,daxueyuan(jiaoyubu)fabuxunling,pizhunjinlingdaxuelian。jinlingdaxuechengweiguominzhengfudingdounanjinghouzuixianchengqinglianbinghuopizhundejiaohuidaxue。

 1927nian11yue16rizhaokaide“jinlingdaxuehuanyingchenyuguangxiaozhangdahui”shang,chenyuguangxiangquanxiaoshishengzhuangyanchengnuo: jinhoudejindajiang“anguoneiqingxing,yushidaizhijingshen,shehuijiqiezhixuyao,qieshipeiyangrencai”。duiyujiaoyudezhengtixing,chenyuguangyouzhejifuyuanjiandejingpilunduan。tarenweiying“datongxuekejiexian,fanduigaodengjiaoyu‘guodubumenhuayujiangyingxing’”;congzongxiangshangkan,tarenweijiaoyudezhengtixingbaokuo“yanjiugaoshenxuewen”yu“peiyangweihongrencai”,tamengongtongzucheng“daxuezhierdashiming”;qie“erzhebukefenli,youniaozhishuangyi,chezhishuanglun”。gaoshenxuewenshirenleigongtongdecaifu。chenyuguangzhuzhang“goutongzhongxiwenhua”,“qurenzhizhang,bujizhiduan”,“shiwuguoguyouzhiwenhua,gengzhenwanbei”。

jindazuoweiyisuojiaohuidaxue,lilaiyouyingwenjiaoxuehexunliandeyoushi。xinshengruxuekaoshi,jinyingwenyikejiuyouwuxiangceshi: tingli、yuedu、zuowen、yufa、cihui。zaijiaocaifangmian,chuquguowenhezhongguojingshidengkechengbixuyongzhongwenwai,qitakechengyilvcaiyongyingwenjiaocai。 

xiaoneidewenyuhuodong、zhujiaozhidaoshiyan、shenzhiyundonghuishanglaladuidezhuweikouhaoyidoucaiyongyingwen。danshijindabingweiyincikanqingzhongwen,fanergengjiaqiangdiaoyaoxuehaozhongwen;“zhongxiwenyi,bingxujianshu”。jindadekechengshezhijiuchongfentixianlezhongxijianxuedetese,yipeiyangxueshengzhiliyubazhongguoyouxiuchuantongwenhua“jieshaojishijiedebiedeminzu”,shixianzhenzhengde“wenhuahuhui”。minguoshiqi,jinghuhangdiqudejiaohuidaxuedingqijubanyingyubianlunsai,jinlingdaxuezongshiyidaliangdian,zheibudanyuanyujindaxueshengyingyuchunzheng、xianshu,lvlvduoguan,haiyouyujindaxueshengduofangchenyuguangxiaozhang,zhangshanmagua、yifurushengbanxiang,youlingrenyinxiangshenke。

guojixingshijiaohuidaxuedexianzhutezheng,zheizaijindaqiyuan、shizi、jingfeidenggegefangmiandouyoufanying。jindajiecideyiduoqudaodiheguojizhumingdaxue、zongjiaozuzhi、jiaoyujigou、jijinhuidengjianlilianxi,rumeinianxuanpaiyouxiubiyeshengfumeiqiuxue,paiqianjiaoshifuguowaiyanjiujigoujinxiudeng。ju1947nian10yuetongji,27gexuexijiaoshouzhong,youguoguowaijiaoyubeijing、zaiguowaimingpaidaxuehuodeboshixueweidezhan80%yishang。jindazichengliqi,jiuniannianbuwangyuguojiyiliudaxuebijian。1911nian,jinlingdaxuezaimeiguoniuyuezhoulidaxuelian,xueshiwenpingyouniuyuedaxueqianfa。1934nian,youyujinda“biyeshengliuxuechengjijijia”,jindaxuexiaofazhanyeshendeniuyuezhoudaxueyuanqudexinren,meiguoniuyuezhoudaxueyuanqutexiangjinlingdaxuebanfalebiyexueweiyongjiurenkegongwen(meiguogelunbiyadaxuehekangnaierdaxueyecenghuodecixiangrenzheng)。zheizaiguoneigesilidaxue,shoukaixiansheng,“butejindazhirongyu,yiwoguozhenggejiaoyujiezhirongyu”。jindapeiyangdexueshenghoulaichengweizhongguokexueyuanyuanshideyou26ren,gongchengyuanyuanshi6ren;sanluozaihaiwaidemingrendashi,ruxianggangzhongwendaxuedechuangbanzhejishourenxiaozhang、yingguohuangjiajingjixuehuizhongshenyuantulizhuomin,shijiezhumingyancaozhuanjia、meiguonongyebuziyuanguwen、zhongguo“xibudakaifa”deshouchangzhezuotianjue,yijitaiwanzhumingwenxuejiayuguangzhongdeng,jiushubushengshule。

陈裕光治校,善于守成与敏于革新并举。他手执这两支画笔,绘制出了令人瞩目的“三院嵯峨”的“金陵美景”。如很早就已声名鹊起的金大农科,适应社会需求,专门成立农业专修科和农业推广部进行改良和推广良种,培养了大量农业高级专门人才,将高等教育延伸至农村,这“在中国高等教育发展史上是具有里程碑意义的事件”。1934年,美国洛克菲勒基金会决定将乡村建设作为自己在华投资的重点后,燕京、南开、金陵、岭南等大学纷纷制定了各自计划并付诸实施,其中,“金陵大学的成就最为显著”。陈裕光主张教学工作必须注重实用“学以致用”;当时金大农科从康奈尔大学引进教学、科研、推广三合一制度,简称“三一制”,强调从中国实际出发开展教学科研工作,并落实到推广应用;陈裕光就将“学以致用”进一步发挥,“大家都重视学与用: ‘三一制’体制,其本质就是边学边用边研究”。当时金大许多研究都能紧紧瞄准世界科技前沿。如洛夫是世界一流的作物育种专家,李方训gd视讯物理化学和电化学的研究成果发表后,被国外著作《高级物理化学》(T.R.帕廷康主编,1941年)、《电化学现代状况》(L.鲍芮斯主编,1954年)《电磁学》(W.施尔沃德主编,1956年)等多次引用。还有蔡乐生研究维生素的营养价值和猫鼠共处等科学命题,成为国际闻名的先驱。李卓皓(后去美,成为美国科学院院士)致力于荷尔蒙研究,他先后从脑下腺中发现8种荷尔蒙,是国际公认的生化大师;魏学仁等拍摄了当时世界唯一的日全食彩色电影,并参与开创了中国的教育电影事业(电化教育)。

陈裕光倚重贤才,奉行教师治校,集思广益,民主办单位:gd视讯_gd视讯官网-「开户首充送大礼」

dajiangtaotaodongruhai,wojujiangdong;

shichenghujushanpanlong,wodangqizhong。

sanyuancuoe,yishuzhigong,wenliyulinnong。

siruchao,qiruhong,yongweinanguoxiong。

这首《金陵大学校歌》由金大教授、国学大师胡小石所作。它寥寥数语即迸发出磅礴气势,更为重要的是它“凝聚、传递并且弘扬了永不泯灭的‘金大精神’”,自诞生以后,被一代又一代金大人自豪传唱。走进金大古朴的校门,校园花木扶疏、宁静雅致,“师长同学情同叔伯兄姊”,充满了家庭生活的温馨。“他还经常请教师、职员和他们的亲属,以及学生干部到他家中品茗聚会”。1942年“国父纪念周”,陈裕光在《校长训词》中明确地将诚、真、勤、仁定为金大校训。在半个世纪的时段中,金陵大学都以诚为本、惟真是求、勤勉执着、仁爱为怀,从而逐步养成了“亲爱精诚,一团和气”、“金陵一家亲”的美好传统。 

chenyuguangyixiangaishengruzi。ruxueshengmiechongzhileidexiaoshi,tayehuiqinziguojian,bingzaiquanxiaofaqi“chuchongyundong”,quebaoxueshengmianshouwenchongqinrao,buzhiyingxiangjiankang。1945nian,chenyuguangcongmeiguokaochaguilai,jiang“lvfeizunjiesuode,goumaiweitamingwanshushibang,xieguifenzengbenxiaojiaozhiyuantongren,sirenxingliyinciguozhong,zhihaoliucunmeiguoyourenchu”。qianlisongemao,liqingqingyizhong。jindashishengwubuweichenyuguanggongerwangsidegaoguipinzhidadong。chenyuguangduijiaoshiqiuxianruoke,tebieguanxintamendegongzuo、shenghuoyijirenshenanquan。jinlingdaxuezi1941nianqi,canzhaojiaoyubuzaigonglidaxuemeiyixuekelinxuanyiweizilishen、mingwangzhong、xuewendadejiaoshouyoubuzhangqinzipinrende“bupinjiaoshou”zhi,bochuzhuanxiangjuzi,shezhi“jiangzuojiaoshou”xiwei,jianglixueyouzhuanzhangdexuezhejiaoshou。ciwai,tahaijinjisuonengdibaohubeiguomindangdangjudaru“lingce”dejinbushisheng。zhumingzhexuejiaxiaokundaodongqinghuiyidao: “meiyouchenxiaozhangchumiansibao,houguoshizaishibukanshexiang。”

chenyuguangderengeliliang,bujintixianzaiduixueshengdeaihu,duijiaoshidechuiqing,haibiaoxianzaibiyaoshiganyuduidangjushuo“bu”。kangzhanqijian,wangjingweiweiguominzhengfuweizhuangdianmenmian,xianhouliangcizhixinjichenyuguang,yanpintachuren“jiaoyububuzhang”,yixiangdairenchengkendechenyuguangqueweiyulicai,junmeiyoufuxin。houlai,jiangjieshiyouqingtachurenjiaoyubuzhang,chenyuguangrenweiqi“buzhongshijiaoyu”,xiejuele。zhengshizaitagangzhenglvzhi、danbominglidejingshenganzhaoxia,jindajiaoshibutongyu“taxiaojiaozhiyuandouzaiwaimianjianguanjianzhi”,ershi“buzaishangkeshi,jiuzaigongshifang,buzaitushuguan,jiuzaishiyanshi”。

chenyuguangruqitazhongguojindaidaxuexiaozhangyiyang,younianshidechuantongwenhuazhixuntao,qingshaonianfujixixing,jieshou“oufengmeiyu”dexili,zhongxiwenhuadepengzhuangyuronghe,shichenyuguangyongyouleyuanbodexueshi、fangyanhuanyudexiongjinhefeifandeqidu。zaihuiwenshuyuanqiuxueshi,chenyuguangjingyang“tangyushidaideshanrangzhidu、gonghejingshen,shengtangshiqizhonghuaminzukaifangdexintai、minzhudesixiang、qiangshengdeguoli、fanrongdejingji、fushudeminzhong、duoyuandewenhua、fadadejiaoyudengxirihuihuang”,zihao“jingtang”。shengrudaxuehou,chenyuguanghetaoxingzhirenweixiaokan《jinlingguang》zhifaxingyingwenbanbutuo。tamenrenweijinlingdaxuesuishijiaohuidaxue,danzhongjiushizhongguodedaxue,yinggaifaxingzhongwenban。youci,《jinlingguang》zhongwenbandeyifaxing。

 1928nian5yue3ri,ribendiguozhuyizaijinancanwurendaoditushazhongguojunminjinwanren,zhizaolejushizhenjingde“wusancanan”。xiaoxichuandaonanjing,qunqingjifen,jindaxueshengfenfenzhaokaihuiyi,shangtaoduice。chenyuguangqinzizhuchizhaokaiquantijiaozhiyuandahui,chenglile“jinlingdaxuejiaozhiyuanfanrijiuguodahui”,faqileyichanghonghonglieliede“dizhirihuo”yundong。zaiquanxiaoshishengdahuishang,chongshangtaoguangyanghui、xingshijinshendechenyuguangyifanwenwenruyadetaidu,shenqingjifendinuchiribendiguozhuyidetaotianzuixing,zhuangyandijuqiyoushou,dashenglingdu《yongbushiyongrihuo》deshici: “jinlingdaxueshishengyifuwozhiqingtianweishi,yizhaowozhibairiweishi,yizuguoshanheweishi,yizuzongqiufenweishi,shiyirexue,shiyizhicheng,zhongwoyisheng,yongbushiyongrihuo。ruyouhuixin,huoshengerzhi,rentiangonglu!cishi。”chenyuguangbenrenduicishiyankeshoubuyu,jianchilezhengzhengyigejiazi,shizhizhenzhengchengweile“zhongwoyisheng”deshiyan。1934nian,ribenzhunanjinggongshiguanzaiguloubaibuposhuliyizuogangjiashiqigan,xuanguataiyangqi。jindashishengyifentianying,zifachoukuan。yudiernian8yuezaidalitangnancejianliqileyizuogangguanshiqigan。xinqigangaochuribenqigan10chi,yi“zhenqixieqi”,xianshizhongguorenminzhibukeru。

改革开放后,陈裕光以90岁的高龄,远涉万里重洋,只身飞赴美国。他在美国的两个月里,仿佛是“负了特殊紧迫的教育使命似的”,任何景点都没参观,即使在母校哥大,也只是在校门拍照留影,大门都没迈进就去各地看望金陵校友了。他沿着美国东西两岸,访问了华盛顿、纽约、洛杉矶、旧金山等十几个城市,先后会见300多名校友。每到一地,陈裕光都要告诉金大校友祖国正在期待他们为四化建设贡献科技、学术方面的成就,希望他们回祖国讲学、合作开展交流项目或旅游;当场放映祖国尤其是南京现代化的幻灯片给校友欣赏,每到这时,掌声总会此起彼伏,连绵不断。

陈裕光晚年牵挂的事情是争取“亚联董”(U.B.)能对中国高等教育事业的发展有更大的支持,使金陵儿女能再有一个联络感情、加强合作、交流学术、开展研究的家。经过酝酿,1994年在南京召开金陵大学各地校友代表会议上,一致商定在南京农业大学建立金陵研究院。1996年5月31日,中央电视台《新闻联播》节目发布了这样一条消息: “曾经长期担任金陵大学校长的陈裕光先生的子女,遵照父亲的遗愿,将私房(今汉口路71号)变资500万元人民币,捐献给南京农业大学筹造金陵研究院。”陈裕光校长的仁厚教育由此可见一斑。他的一生“裕后为怀,成蹊桃李;光前爱国,垂训金陵”,其高风亮节永远值得gd视讯后人追思缅怀。

(yuanzaiyu《nanjingdaxuebao》2005.6.10disanban)

 

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